Alternative & E-Mobility
Electric and alternative means of transport are characterised by a cleaner, greener, more sustainable, and last, but not least, an easier urban mobility. Although greenhouse gas emissions from transport decreased significantly in 2020 as a result of reduced transportation activity during the COVID-19, the transport sector is among the main causes of air pollution representing about 25% of GHG emissions in the EU.
Transport is among the biggest air polluting sectors in the EU, and its impact on air quality and our climate is considerable. The largest share of transport related emissions stems from road transportation. Consequently, the EU has devised a set of tools, measures and incentives to reduce its impact substantially. The goal is a shift to low-emission mobility to which electric and alternative mobility can contribute.
Biofuels, including biodiesel, bioethanol, biomethanol, etc., are liquid or gaseous fuels made from biomass. Although they are considered renewable energy sources and hence seen as more environmentally friendly compared to fossil fuels, large areas of cropland are used to grow plants for producing these biofuels. Ethical, agricultural, economic, and also environmental issues can arise from the production of biofuels.
Electric vehicles (EVs) on the other hand can help us reduce greenhouse gas emission and noise pollution particularly in urban areas. The widespread uptake of electric vehicles depends on several factors, such as the availability of financial incentives like tax deductions and subsidies, status of the charging network, range of electric vehicles, etc. In 2021, one sold car out of ten was an EV, and the sales of electric cars is rising globally. Electric mobility is hence relevant for citizens, public administrations and fright transportation as well.